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Liner notes to
The American Song-Poem Anthology:
Do You Know The Difference Between Big Wood And Brush

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by Michael Hill

Reprinted from the liner notes to the song-poem compilation CD, The American Song-Poem Anthology: Do You Know The Difference Between Big Wood And Brush (Bar/None)

cover design by David Richman

You could call The American Song-Poem Anthology a best-of collection, though some among you might ask, "the best of -- what???" These tracks, many of which date back to the late '60s, were originally designed to have the shortest of shelf lives. They were hastily made vanity productions meant to be enjoyed by the dreamers, visionaries, hopefuls, and crackpots who paid off-the-industry-radar recording companies in Nashville, Hollywood, and New York to have their words set to music. Yet, improbably enough, these songs have outlasted some of the legitimate hits of the day to become the stuff of pop legend, a uniquely American folk art that has attracted an avid cult following. Fans scour thrift shops, flea markets and record store bargain bins looking for undiscovered material on obscure compilation discs or vintage vinyl, artifacts probably unloaded there by family and friends of the "artists" after they'd cleaned out their basements, attics, or entertainment consoles. The audience continues to grow as collectors swap files and exchange info on the 'net. But you don't have to get your hands dirty or overload your hard drive; just pop on this disc and you'll hear the tunes most sought after, puzzled over, and savored by connoisseurs of this surreal subculture.

Welcome to the world of song-poems.

* * *

What the heck, you might also ask, does the term "song-poem" mean, anyway? It's a euphemism, really, for the words to a song, a gussied-up term adopted by the shadowy studios that advertised in tabloids and pulp mags for potential "hit makers." They weren't trying to make their pitches sound romantic or high-falutin'; as compilation producer Phil Milstein puts it, the proprietors of these low-budget song factories "believe that their typical customer is too dumb to grasp the meaning of the simple English word lyric. At the same time it's meant to signal an expanse of possible source materials, as in, 'We'll set your song, your poem, even your goddamn shopping list to music; we don't care what you give us, so long as your checks don't bounce.'"

You've probably glanced at song-poem ads while doing your supermarket checkout reading: "Popular, Rock and Roll, Country, and Sacred poems needed AT ONCE! Send your poems today for prompt FREE EXAMINATION AND APPRAISAL." ... "We need new ideas FOR RECORDING." ... "Your songs or poems may EARN MONEY FOR YOU!" While no shopping-list songs have made it into this collection, there are tributes to former presidents Richard Nixon and Jimmy Carter; a rambling remembrance in free verse of the first moon landing; a warning about the dangers of pornography ("all you need is a fertile mind") combined with an endorsement of the stress-relieving benefits of masturbation; a salute to the color yellow; and a feisty little soul number, sung with genuine swing, about being a hospital patient. There are piquant country numbers like "I Lost My Girl To An Argentinean Cowboy"; a philosophical look back at an acid trip with Beach Boys-style harmonies called "Ecstasy to Frenzy" ("Perhaps the world's a cube/Or a tunnel or a tube ..."); and a first-person lament, "I'm Just the Other Woman," sung, with a slatternly sort of ruefulness, by a man in falsetto to the accompaniment of a leering tenor sax melody.

The woman who penned the lyrics to "I'm Just the Other Woman" may not have envisioned anything quite so nonchalantly lurid, but that's part of the song-poem magic. The writers who paid from $75 to $400 to have their words committed to song never quite knew what they were going to get. Composers employed by the song-poem outfits hastily wrote melodies for the lyrics they received. Then studio players, paid by the hour or per song, would look over a lyric, learn the tune, and cut a track all in a matter of minutes so they could cram a dozen or so tunes into a single session. There wasn't time to mull over the words or correct any mistakes -- in "The Moon Men," for example, vocalist John Muir sings "gem" when he should have sung "germ," and it just makes the long-winded tale that much more strange.

As Milstein explains, "Song-poem music is the only scam that produces a unique work of art with every transaction." Despite the assembly-line method of production, there were so many random forces at work simultaneously that the best of these sessions resulted in the sort of happy accidents compiled here. The studio musicians involved were pros, but they used a variety of assumed names, a la porn movie directors, to protect the more legitimate sides of their careers -- and to disguise the fact that it was often the same vocalist singing on so many of the tracks. "John Muir," for example, is but one of several pseudonyms for Gene Marshall; he chose that particular name, he said, because he was an admirer of the famous West Coast naturalist.

Song-poem clients didn't have to simply accept whatever the composers and musicians dreamed up for them. In fact, Mary Clignett, the customer who penned the words to "I'm Just the Other Woman," insisted that her song-poem be re-recorded. The original was even odder than the one that appears here, with a piano track played backwards for psychedelic effect over a wobbly jazz combo that sounded as if they had drifted in from some other session ... and that "drag" vocal on top of it all. Customers could specify the genre they imagined their words would work best in -- country, pop, rock, or soul, for example. The song-poem studios hired vocalists who were versatile -- or desperate -- enough to tackle a variety of styles. In the case of the best-known song-poem singer, Rodd Keith, he could do a little bit of everything, from composing to playing to vocalizing, and he was the guy who impersonated the Other Woman.

Some of the song-poem performers were frustrated, down-on-their luck, or has-been artistes; they often couldn't help putting just a little bit of themselves into their work. At the very least, they were professional about conveying, with either actor-like emotion or noble stoicism, the lyrics they were handed. Just listen to Ramsey Kearney's straight-up (so to speak) rendition of "Blind Man's Penis," one of the most celebrated song-poems. Ramsey brings a certain tenderness to the final chorus as he half-whispers the immortal words, "A blind man's penis is erect because he's blind ..."

Unlike most contributors to this anthology, the writer of that lyric, John Trubee, was no naif when he sent in his song-poem. He was a prankster testing the limits of what these recording companies would accept, and he proved the basic philosophy of this cottage industry: they will take on everything and anything and tell you it's great. Every song-poem submission is a potential gold mine, every one is an undiscovered gem (or germ, as John Muir might say), every one is a perfect candidate for recording -- as long as you can pay for it. Despite the literature these companies sent out that boasted about all manner of post-release support, there would, of course, be no follow-up at all; your phone calls would go unanswered once your check was cashed. There would be no promotion to radio or lucrative publishing deal, just a record -- pressed in miniscule quantities, at that -- with your name on it as the co-writer.

* * *

At least now the song-poem writers are managing, in a way, to enjoy the last laugh. And we're enjoying a good one, too. Producer Milstein was introduced to the world of song-poems by Tom Ardolino, the drummer for NRBQ. Milstein credits Ardolino with the ultimate discovery of song-poem music as a source of fun and high weirdness, and says that through him he "became fascinated with the many mysteries of song-poems." Now he can tell you all about their incredible history at his anecdote-packed website.

"Through circumstance and willful ignorance, no one had ever given song-poems any serious consideration," Milstein explains. He's now managed to rectify that.

Other popular artists have also demonstrated their love for song-poems. Entertainer Penn Jillette is a prominent collector, and animator Matt Groening is reportedly a fan as well. Yo La Tengo have been known to cover "How Can A Man Overcome His Heartbroken Pain," among other song-poems, and the Jon Spencer Blues Explosion, Barbara Manning, and original riot grrrl group Two Nice Girls have also tackled song-poem material. A San Francisco theatre company has even mounted a stage musical called Get Me Rodd Keith!!

Keith and many of his fellow makers of smooth song-poem music have also been immortalized in the recent documentary Off The Charts, featured on the PBS series Independent Lens. The versatile, hard-working, but ultimately troubled Keith was considered nothing short of a musical savant by fans, friends, and family, but he never managed to exploit his talents in the "real" industry. He struggled with drugs and died young, jumping or falling off a Southern California highway overpass. His son, avant-garde tenor saxophonist Ellery Eskelin, never got to know his father, but, as he discusses in the documentary, he's followed the course of his dad's life through his song-poem recordings and has even used samples of Keith's tunes as a springboard for his own compositions.

While The American Song-Poem Anthology may sound like a Top 40 countdown from the Twilight Zone, you can be sure that none of it resembles the over-polished product coming out of the corporate assembly line at the other end of the music industry. These song-poems come from people who could be your neighbors, friends, fellow commuters, and co-workers. Or even you.

We've all got a song in our hearts.

Track list for The American Song-Poem Anthology: Do You Know The Difference Between Big Wood And Brush

  1. Gary Roberts & The Satellites: Do You Know The Difference Between Big Wood And Brush
  2. Dick Kent: Rat A Tat Tat, America
  3. Bobbi Blake: I Like Yellow Things 2.1mb
  4. The MSR Singers: I'm Just The Other Woman (remake)
  5. Norm Burns & Singers: Human Breakdown Of Absurdity
  6. Dick Kent: Maker Of Smooth Music
  7. Rod & The MSR Singers: Beat Of The Traps
  8. Rod & The MSR Singers: Richard Nixon
  9. Gene Marshall: Jimmy Carter Says "Yes"
  10. The Music Magicians: Convertibles And Headbands 3.8mb
  11. Bill Joy: How Long Are You Staying
  12. Rod Rogers with The "Swinging Strings": Little Rug Bug
  13. unidentified: I Lost My Girl To An Argentinian Cowboy
  14. Teri Summers & The Librettos: City's Hospital Patients
  15. Rodd Keith: Ecstacy To Frenzy 2.1mb
  16. Gene Marshall: All You Need Is A Fertile Mind
  17. John Muir: The Moon Men
  18. Todd Andrews: The Palace Roses
  19. Dick Kent: Gretchen's New Dish (original)
  20. Rodd Keith: How Can A Man Overcome His Heartbroken Pain
  21. Cara Stewart: Song Of The Burmese Land
  22. Gene Marshall: Green Fingernails
  23. The Jerrymanders, vocal Wm. H. Arpaia: Listen Mister Hat
  24. Randy Rudolph: Ho, I Got To Find You Baby
  25. Milford Perkins: The Duck Egg Walk
  26. unidentified: Pinch Me
  27. Rodd Keith: Run Spook Run
  28. Ramsey Kearney: Blind Man's Penis (Peace And Love)

Do You Know The Difference Between Big Wood And Brush is available online from

Other song-poem compilations you may enjoy:

Carnage Press
I'm Just The Other Woman || The Human Breakdown Of Absurdity || The Makers Of Smooth Music || The Beat Of The Traps

Daddy, Is Santa Really Six Foot Four?

I Died Today

All design and uncredited content of this website ©2004 Phil Milstein